Women's Dental Health
How Hormone Variations Can Lead to Gum
Female hormone variations can alter women's
gums. Changes in estrogen and progesterone levels often
result in sensitive, tender, and even bleeding
During these times, it is important for a women
to take special care of her gums and teeth as the gums
are much more sensitive to irritants such as
plaque and food debris. Periods of hormone changes which
women should be especially mindful include:
Puberty: The surge of hormones during
puberty makes the gums especially tender and
sensitive to irritants. Young ladies may also
experience oral ulcers as a result of the hormone
surge. Over time, however, the gums will become
less irritated and less sensitive to
- Menstruation: A women may experience bleeding gums and
increased tenderness right before her period due to the
increased levels of progesterone and estrogen. Usually the
bleeding and tenderness end following the women's
- Oral Contraceptives: These increase the levels of
estrogen and progesterone and consequently often increase
gum tenderness as well.
- Pregnancy: During pregnancy, progesterone and estrogen
levels remain elevated resulting in tender, inflamed gums.
This condition generally lasts from the second or third
month until the eighth month of pregnancy. Women may also
experience small growths on the gums known as pregnancy
tumors. These growths are not cancerous and usually go away
after the pregnancy is over.
It is important to remember that during these times
irritants like food and plaque can easily irritate the gums
causing additional inflammation, tenderness, and bleeding.
Because of this, women should pay extra attention to their oral
care during these times. Remember to brush carefully at least
twice a day and floss in order to completely remove food and
plaque from the teeth and gums.
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Disclaimer: The information contained within is for
educational purposes only. It is not meant to serve as
delivery of medical care. Those persons with specific
medical questions should consult their dentist, doctor,
or other medical care provider.